Common elements

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 The various codes of football share bound common components and may be sorted into 2 main categories of football: carrying codes like yank football, Canadian football, Australian football, rugby football union and rugby league, wherever the ball is rapt regarding the sphere whereas being control within the hands or thrown, and kicking codes comparable to football and Gaelic football, where the ball is moved primarily with the feet, and where handling is strictly limited.[10]

Common rules among the sports include:[11] 2 groups of typically between eleven and eighteen players; some variations that have fewer players (five or a lot of per team) are popular. A clearly outlined space during which to play the game. evaluation goals or points by moving the ball to associate degree opposing team' finish of the sphere and either into a goal area, or over a line. Goals or points ensuing from players golf shot the ball between 2 goalposts. The goal or line being defended by the opposing team. Players victimisation solely their body to maneuver the ball. altogether codes, common skills embody passing, tackling, evasion of tackles, catching and kicking.[10] In most codes, there are rules limiting the movement of players offside, and players evaluation a goal should place the ball either below or over a crossbar between the goalposts. Etymology Main article: soccer (word) There are conflicting explanations of the origin of the word "football". it's wide assumed that the word "football" (or the phrase "foot ball") refers to the action of the foot kicking a ball.[12] there's another explanation, that is that football originally cited a range of games in medieval Europe, which were compete on foot. there's no conclusive proof for either explanation.