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 Main article: Oldest football competitions

one in all the longest running football fixture is that the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, oppose between Melbourne synchronic linguistics college and Scotch College, Melbourne once a year since 1858. it's believed by several to even be the primary match of Australian rules football, though it absolutely was compete underneath experimental rules in its first year. the primary football trophy tournament was the Caledonian Challenge Cup, given by the Royal Caledonian Society of Melbourne, played in 1861 under the Melbourne Rules.[79] The oldest league may be a football game competition, the United Hospitals Challenge Cup (1874), whereas the oldest rugby trophy is that the geographic region Cup, oppose since 1878. The South Australian soccer Association (30 Gregorian calendar month 1877) is the oldest extant Australian rules football competition. The oldest surviving soccer trophy is the Youdan Cup (1867) and also the oldest national football competition is the English solfa syllable Cup (1871). The league (1888) is recognised because the longest running football game league. the primary ever international football match transpire between sides representing European nation and European nation on five March 1870 at the Oval underneath the authority of the FA. the primary rugger international took place in 1871. trendy balls Main article: soccer (ball) Richard Lindon (seen in 1880) is believed to own made-up the primary footballs with rubber bladders In Europe, early footballs were created out of animal bladders, additional specifically pig' bladders, that were inflated. Later animal skin coverings were introduced to permit the balls to stay their shape.[80] However, in 1851, Richard Lindon and William Gilbert, each shoemakers from the city of rugger (near the school), exhibited both spherical and oval-shaped balls at the good Exhibition in London. Richard Lindon' spouse is claimed to have died of respiratory organ sickness caused by berating pig' bladders.[81] Lindon additionally won medals for the invention of the "Rubber expansive Bladder" and also the "Brass Hand Pump". In 1855, the U.S. inventor Goodyear – who had proprietary cured rubber – exhibited a spherical soccer, with associate degree exterior of vulcanised rubber panels, at the Paris Exhibition Universelle. The ball was to prove fashionable in early varieties of football within the U.S.[82] the enduring ball with a daily pattern of hexagons and pentagons (see truncated icosahedron) didn't become popular till the 1960s, and was initial utilized in the planet Cup in 1970. trendy ball passing techniques Main article: Passing (association soccer) The earliest relation to a game of football involving players passing the ball and making an attempt to get past a goalkeeper was written in 1633 by David Wedderburn, a author and teacher in Aberdeen, Scotland.[83] Nevertheless, the initial text doesn't state whether or not the reference to passing as 'kick the ball back' ('Repercute pilam') was in an exceedingly forward or backward direction or between members of an equivalent opposing groups (as was usual at this time)[84] "Scientific" football is first recorded in 1839 from Lancashire[85] and in the trendy game in football game from 1862[86] and from urban center FC as early as 1865.[87][88] the primary aspect to play a passing combination game was the Royal Engineers AFC in 1869/70[89][90] By 1869 they were "work[ing] well together", "backing up" and profiting from "cooperation".[91] By 1870 the Engineers were passing the ball: "Lieut. Creswell, who having brought the bollocks up the side then kicked it into the center to a different of his side, who kicked it through the posts the minute before time was called".[92] Passing was a daily feature of their style.[93] By early 1872 the Engineers were the primary squad notable for "play[ing] superbly together".[94] A double pass is first according from plug hat college against Nottingham Forest in March 1872, the first of that is irrefutably a brief pass: "Mr Absey dribble the ball [*fr1] the length of the sphere delivered it to Wallis, who kicking it smartly before of the goal, sent it to the captain who drove it quickly between the Nottingham posts".[95] the primary aspect to own formed the trendy formation was university AFC[96][97][98] and introduced the 2–3–5 "pyramid" formation.[99][100] Cambridge rules Main article: Cambridge rules throughout the nineteenth century, many codifications of the principles of soccer were created at the University of Cambridge, so as to modify students from completely different public colleges to play every other. The Cambridge Rules of 1863 influenced the choice of soccer Association to ban Rugby-style carrying of the ball in its own initial set of laws.[101] urban center rules